The rents paid by them were high, in proportion to the wages received by them ; so that, while apparently the workingman received greater compensation in America than in Europe for his labor, as a matter of fact, he did not, for it was only a loan which he was obliged to repay promptly in the shape of large profits to his employers who manufactured the goods he used, and owned the house in which he lived.
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They were led to believe that the extra two bushels of wheat went to support and make happy and prosperous the other two-fifths of their countrymen — the mechanics and laborers — and by their patriotism and love of country, they were ruined, and their descendants made slaves. Because the additional price charged in America, said to be occa- sioned by the high wages paid labor in this country, as a matter of fact, only passed through the hands of the laborer to find its way back at last to the owners of factories and real estate in the manufacturing cen- tres — leaving no permanent benefit with the two-fifths of the laboring class, — thus the steady drain upon the "UNCLE SAM'S " CABINS.
They built railroads into the heart of Cen- tral Africa, utilizing the virgin soil of that great conti- nent for raising products to compete with the American farmers. The Russian serf for that he is in fact if not in name was used for raising wheat, and from his hovel, with his crust of black bread and cup of vodka, he smiled across an ocean at the farmers of this country living in luxury, knowing as the Russian did, that the American would be brought to the level of the serf.
The Empire of Great Britain was urged to the utmost capacity of its vast territory, and from Mani- toba to the banks of the Ganges, wheat, cotton and corn Ave re forced to grow. Prices of all farm prod- ucts began to decline ; — Avheat, one dollar, ninety, eighty, seventy, sixty, fifty cents ; — cotton, ten, nine, eight, seven, six, five cents. Because Europe Avas oversupplied. But the home market, you suggest. Then, and only then, did the farmers realize that the prices paid by the consumers in this country, Avere made in Europe by the price of the surplus.
Science made war so fatal that nations became peaceful ; wheat, cotton and corn being planted in every section of the globe, crops everywhere could only fail at the same time when the Almighty decrees the death of man on this earth. They followed any mirage in the political desert, but absolutely refused to believe that the waters of prosperity were just beyond the wall that they themselves had built around the country. True, in many instances, the name of the factory and real estate owner had been changed — it was now Land Company, Trust Company, Insurance Company. However, the rose was still the rose, the odor was the same.
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The farmers had found the reser- voir in which was stored the money of the country, which like the waters of the snow from the mountains, they had furnished, and it had passed by way of the mechanics and laborers, who, as a channel, had carried and deposited it in the coffers of the manu- facturers and landlords. Just kept on hoping for a miracle, refusing to see the nearest and easiest remedy which was before their very eyes.
The farmers received so little for their crops that it was a struggle for them to pay their taxes and interest on their mortgages, con- sequently they bought fewer manufactured goods each year. They had now passed the stage of buying in the cheapest market — they had no money with which to buy anything, anywhere, at any price. Their pianos, carpets, lace curtains wear out — they cannot replace them ; their stoves wear out — they must cook in the open fireplace.
They must eat and live, educate their children and clothe themselves as do those against whom, they are obliged to compete in the sale of wheat "uncle sam's" cabins.
In im- poverishing the farmers, to obtain high wages, which were handed over by them to the real estate owners and manufacturers, the mechanics and laborers had killed the goose that laid the golden egg. The farm-class be- ing killed, now all that was to be done was to bury the corpse. Now, events hurry so fast, one upon another, that like an army of misfortune they seem a ranked host. The land which the farmers owned passes through possibly, the circumlocution of a Land, Trust or Insur- ance company into the hands of the manufacturers and real estate owners, who now become landlords, and the farmer who formerly owned the land is re- duced to a mere tenant.
The landlords of America spend the rents received, in Europe, as the English landlords of Ireland spend their rents, in England. Then laws were passed abolishing the public schools. Free and independent newspapers were no longer published, for those who would have liked such publications, had neither money to buy them nor ability to read them. The Americans had such love for law, order and form — such horror of mob-law, Anarchy, Socialism — that they preferred to endure the ills they had than to fly to others the 7 knew not of. Besides, at the time these ills became so apparent, certain bad men called Anarchists, had, by their cruelty and lawlessness, made abhorrent to even the mind of the humblest American, a resort to any extraordinary measures.
At any attempt to right existing wrongs, it was only necessary for the landlords to raise the cry of ' Anarchy,' and ' Social- ism ' — and like frightened sheep, the farmer-class would scamper away from attempted reformation. Every- man bold enough in those days to speak for justice, was dubbed a ' Demagogue. From the history of your class and country, you must see that escape is impossible. The failure of last year's crop has left you without even seed to plant. John Lawton, the Proprietor, has refused to furnish seed and supplies for next year's crop unless you give the ' Bonds,' and unless you do plant the soil, you are notified to leave the land.
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Feel no added disgrace in giving the ' Bonds. In a voice of pent-up wrath, he said, addressing the old man who gazed upon him with eyes full of pity : " William Anderson, do you advise me to make my mother and sister, slaves? Five hundred of the acres now tilled by you men had been the property of my father's father — John Lawton's father acquired it honestly, perhaps, but by means of those damnable laws, William Anderson has described — the knowledge of these facts embittered my father's whole life and it was the suggestion of the ' Bonds of Servitude ' for the impoverished and helpless tenantry that finally broke his heart and killed him.
For myself and family I will sign no ' Bonds of Servitude ' — I, singly and alone, if none join me, will rebel," and frantically shaking his clenched hands above his head, he cried — " I will fight and kill some of our masters, I can but die! Then Anderson, looking at the men now clustered around the door, in a voice broken by emotion, ex- claimed : " For the love of God, do nothing. Sign the bonds, as a struggle at this late day, means death.
You would be obliged in the end to succumb.
senjouin-renkai.com/wp-content/iphone/whatsapp-nachrichten-mitlesen-nur-mit-handynummer.php The Gov- ernment, the army, the weapons, the money — all are in the hands of the great Proprietors. After sending the hamper and note to Mary Hol- lister, for several hours Jack Lawton remained locked in his room, meditating upon how he should act and what he could do, in this, the first trial of his strength in the cause of his Master. He felt it his duty at any cost to prevent any of the Hollisters from becoming slaves.
His gratitude and affection for the family were sufficient to lead him to the determination to resort to every expedient to avert that calamity, but aside from that question, as a soldier of Christ, as a clergy- man, he recognized that his post of duty was among the heartbroken people of the District where he had been born. He knew that in the desperate frame of mind, arising from the humilation of their recent increased degrada- tion, the tenants might resort to violence of some kind.
He saw clearly that in the hour of their greatest distress the people of the District would need a coun- selor and friend — and that having been associated with them and having won their confidence and friendship as a boy, he would be able to serve his Master better probably than a stranger, — even though the stranger 62 " UNCLE SAM S CABINS.
He, for the sake of old days spent with the tenants, would be admitted to the homes and inmost hearts of the poor people, while they might hesitate before lay- ing bare their suffering souls to one with whom they were unfamiliar. He seemed to hear a voice saying — "The disciple is not above his Master nor the servant above his lord.
Opening his Bible, Jack read Christ's command to his disciples, — " But go rather to the lost sheep of the house of Israel.
That night, two letters left the Lawton mansion, one going to New York refusing the flattering offer of the fashionable church, the other, begging the Church authorities of the District of Ohio, that he might be assigned to missionary duty in the neighborhood where he was born. Jack having written these two letters and finally resolved upon a course of action, went in search of his father and found him busily engaged with his lawyer in the library.
John Lawton, Sr. I wish particularly to talk with you before I visit some friends.
As the subject is entirely per- sonal to myself and seriously concerns my future, will you excuse Mr. Lawton, the lawyer arose hurriedly, saying: "Certainly, Mr. Jack, nothing that is urgent requires your father's atten- tion," and left the room. As the door closed behind Weaving, Mr. Lawton with considerable uneasiness in his voice said : " What is it Jack? My allowance has always been exceedingly liberal, but I fear that I am a bad manager, as I find myself utterly without means.
I am fully aware that the property of the estate will all go to my brother, and that I am, as a younger son, in no position to demand anything con- cerning the property of the estate. I come, therefore, to you, father, to most earnestly solicit a favor con- cerning the leasing of part of the property. Lawton's hand had slowly closed the check-book and he looked with eyes of astonishment and anxiety at the speaker, as his son continuing, said : " I have writen to your kind friends in New York, declining the splendid offer of the church, made by them.
I also have written, urging my appointment as a missionary in this district, upon the Church authori- ties — " Astonishment and annoyance kept the Pro- prietor silent as Jack added, " I cannot live in the mansion and be of the people as I can if living among them, therefore I come to you to beg that you allow me the use of the house occupied by your superin- tendent, Johnson — and being, as I first remarked, with- out money — to propose to you that in place of the pension heretofore given me, you will give me the use of the house I have mentioned, with a few acres of land, free of rent for my life — and to enable me to properly enter upon my duties and perform such acts of charity as I deem necessary, that you give me the sum of one thousand dollars.
Lawton stopped him by raising his hand with a deprecating motion, saying : " Now, Jack ; stop all that absurd talk about what you ask being much in itself, it is absolutely nothing, a mere trifle, but I will not allow you to sacrifice yourself by remaining buried alive here, when you could occupy a position in keeping with your name and family by accepting the offer of my friends in New York.
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No, Jack, no! I will neither give you the lease nor the money. This proceed- ing was more alarming to his father than the most violent language from Jack would have been, because it was so unlike the usual behavior of his combative son ; therefore Mr. Lawton, rising from his chair and following Jack to the door, said, " Where are you going?
Lawton opening the check-book, filled out a check for a thousand dollars, saying : "I will have Weaving make out the proper papers giving you the house and land now occupied by Johnson, without rent for your life. Lawton leaning back in his chair speaking to himself, said with a sigh, " Just like his mother, he would have gone to the huts of the ten- ants. I saw the same look that his mother used to have, and it was waste of time and words to argue the question — he would have cared nothing for the disgrace to our name — I did right.
He said : " That does not surprise me. In fact, I rather ex- pected it and it happens rather conveniently, for in case of trouble about these ' Bonds,' Mr. Jack's pres- ence among the tenantry is more valuable than a regiment of soldiers. Lawton regarding him with some curiosity, he said : " Why does not Mr.
Henry get married? In case of the death of Mr. Henry without sons, Mr. Jack would inherit the Lawton estate after you, sir, and. Lawton, for almost before Weaving had ceased to speak, the Pro- prietor said : " Henry will marry Miss Ashton this coming autumn, and I hope that the danger you speak of will be in time, removed by the birth of a son.
Henry absolutely refused to marry before he became thirty-five years of age, declaring that he wished to enjoy life before he settled down, and even now I would have great diffi- culty in bringing this marriage about were it not that his medical adviser insists that he must lead a quiet life, as his health is much injured by dissipation. At last, I induced Henry to believe that a wife might furnish some entertainment, now that a quiet life was necessary, and pointing out the importance of per- petuating our name by a proper representative, he has consented.